What is Water Pressure?

If a new bathroom refurbishment is on the horizon, or if you are having problems with water appliances leaking in your house, you may have had the word “Low Water Pressure” or “High Water Pressure” thrown in your direction.

Water pressure is a standard used to describe the rate at which water may flow in plumbing fixtures. The unit for this is the “Bar”, this is the force required to shoot water straight into the air to a height of 10 metres A house’s water pressure is basically determined by it’s elevation in relation to the reservoir which feeds it water. Homes in the hills above a reservoir would struggle with low water pressure as they would rely onwater being pumped, whereas houses at low elevations would be able to rely on the natural water head of the falling water to drive water pressure.

The adjacent diagram, prepared by Anglian Water clearly shows the difference in water pressures between houses. If you still aren’t sure if you have high or low water pressure, then follow our simple instructions below:

  • Turn off all taps, washing machines, dishwashers and all other water using appliances.
  •  Turn a tap on full power and fill a measuring jug up for ten seconds. Record how much water was collected.
  • Multiply this by 6 to get flow rate in litres per minute.

For example, if you collect 1.2 litres of water in the 10 seconds, then your flow rate is 12 litres per minute. Our general guide is:

  • Less than 10 Litres per Minute is Poor Water Pressure
  • Between 10 and 15 Litres per Minute is Acceptable Water Pressure
  • Above 15 Litres per Minute is Good Water Pressure

All of our Taps & Brassware products show a minimum operating pressure to ensure that the product can perform to its maximum.

Completing a bathroom refurbishment is a bigger job than most realise. It’s not a matter of choosing the products you like and having them installed the next day. However, with our vast experience in the industry, we have been able to put together a convenient list of things to consider, making your project stress free and maybe even enjoyable.

 

1. The Use of the room

The first thing to think about is “What will the room be used for?”. The majority of houses these days have at least two bathrooms, both serving different purposes. Ironically, the bathroom that you spend the least on will, in most cases, be the one that is used the most. Our view is that there are 4 types of bathroom Refurb:

  • Family Bathroom – Used a lot by the home owner
  • Downstairs Toilet – Used a lot by visitors
  • En-suite – Used daily for simple tasks
  • Guest Bedroom En-suite – Used rarely but an opportunity to impress.
Tara 55 Mirror

Deciding which purpose your room has in your house will play an important role in deciding the facilities you require, the level of finish and ultimately the budget required.

2. What have you got?

The next step is to go into your space and quickly note down what you have in the room. Draw a plan view, noting any windows, door ways or other openings. Measure the room and record these in metres (we once had a customer bring her measurements in terms of milk carton lengths!). If known, note the water pressure conditions, as this will have a say on which tap and shower options are available to you. 

Record where the existing pipe work is located, and find your existing hot water supply. This information will be handy for step 3!

 

3. What do you want?

This part is usually people’s favourite or least favourite part. Some people have a very well defined image of what they want. They have done the research using Pinterest and Instagram, spied through websites, written down what they need and have a budget in mind. It’s important to remember that what you choose must be suitable for a long time period – you will likely have these tiles or vanity unit for 10+ years. If you find something you really want but it isn’t compatible with your room, write it down, there may be ways to make it work. Knowing your measurements, what you can have and what you want will keep the project hassle free for yourself! Don’t confuse yourself. By being decisive you save yourself from becoming obsessed with everything that can go wrong.

 

4. How do you get what you want?

This part is important. Take the list of products you want to an installation specialist and discuss the work that will be needed. Provisionally book their services, remembering to allow some extra float incase products become out of stock etc. A good tradesman usually has at least a 3 week waiting time, which in itself says a lot about their services, they are busy and so are sought after. Discuss if there is the scope to make changes to the room’s layout or plumbing to see if you can get all the products you wish. Sometimes there may be a better layout or use of space, and a good installer should make you aware of this.

 

Discuss what material that you will require that you may not have considered. Is the tiler providing adhesive and grout? If not, what type is required? Do you need matting for tiling on timber floors? Does the wall require priming before tiling?

Have your product arrive in good time, and store it in a different room. By doing this you reduce the chance of delays, and ensure that the tiler doesn’t spend the first 2 hours shifting the tiles out of the room that he is supposed to be tiling!

All in all, if planned well a bathroom refurbishment should be a relatively enjoyable process, making your ideas a reality. Having a good tradesman is vital, and by using online reviews or word of mouth, make sure you get the best available.

If you require any assistance in your project please be in touch and we will do everything we can to guide you through the process!

The majority of slips and falls in the home happen in the bathroom. Many of these happen whilst getting in or out of the tub.

Some strategies to help prevent slips and falls include:

Walk In Shower with slip resistant tile floors. A wet room style shower will not have a partition you have to step over, and is safer still.

Shower Chair A shower chair provides stability for difficulty balancing and a rest place for those who have difficulty standing for long periods. A shower chair should have rubber tips on the legs to prevent sliding. When used with a hand-held shower head, you can remain seated while bathing.

Slip Resistant Grab Bars towel bars are not a safe or suitable option, they are not designed to bear weight. Install grab bars in easy-to-reach places that will naturally support entering and leaving the tub or shower area.

Tile Ratings many floor tiles are tested for the coefficient of friction or antislip rating. This rating comes in the form of an ‘R’ value. The ‘R’ stands for ‘ramp test’. This ‘R’ value ranges from R9, which has a small degree of slip resistance, right up to R13, which is the highest rated slip resistance. Read more

Rating Description Uses
R9 Low Friction Mainly smooth, glazed tiles that are suited for dry internal domestic floors such as kitchens, dining areas, and hallways.
R10 Medium Friction Mainly glazed tiles suited for internal domestic floors that are sometimes wet, e.g. bathrooms.
R11 Increased Friction Mostly unglazed tiles suited for external areas including patios and walkways, dressing rooms, public toilets.
R12/13 High to Very High Friction Suitable for public areas and commercial applications.

Ensure adequate lighting and a non-slip bath mat. Regular maintenance in the way of cleaning floors and wall tiles to eliminate soap residue and reducing clutter help, too.

The JustPave Vitfrified Paving Collection is a range of high performance hard-wearing, anti-slip outdoor products that combine exceptional strength and technical consistency. These vitrified paving flags absorb little or no moisture providing exceptional stain resistance, and allow moss and algae little opportunity to grow. This means minimal maintenance is required to keep your outside spaces looking stunning.

JustPave can be easily laid dry on sand, grass or gravel. This process is fast to install without the need for highly skilled labour and the pavers can easily be lifted, moved and repositioned if required. Alternatively, they can be installed on raised adjustable height pedestals over new or existing surfaces that will allow access below for substrate maintenance, pipework, electrics etc. This is ideal for installations on balconies or patios where access to waterproofing membrane or pipework may be required.

For more permanent placements the vitrified pavers can be installed using traditional paving methods with a standard sand/cement mortar on a hardcore substrate. For areas with regular heavy foot traffic or loads from cars etc. they can be laid onto a concrete base using highly deformable external grade adhesive such as Mapei Ultraflex S2 (Class C2FTS2).

Even if you plan to have your pavers professionally installed it is a good idea to be familiar with the process.

To get £2/m off our outdoor slab range, use the code “SUNNY” when spending over £300.

Here is a quick guide for installing JustPave in a variety of areas:

  • Directly On Grass
  • Directly On Gravel/Pebbles
  • With Sand/Cement Mortar on Hardcore
  • With Pedestals
  • With Tile Adhesive on Concrete Substrates

In all cases refer to professional advice and instruction for proper installation methods to maintain the long term integrity of the installed surfaces.

Installing JustPave Vitrified Pavers on Grass/Lawn

Installation on grass can be performed in two ways:

  1. A) Direct: Dry set the paver on to grass leaving 4-5 cm wide joints to allow the grass to grow through. Results will be long lasting but stability of the surface will be subject to soil movements.
  2. B) On Small Gravel Bases to Minimise Movement:
  • Remove the grass from the area underneath the JustPave Vitrified Paver Slab.
  • Dig out to 5cm deep in warm and dry climate, or deeper in cold or wet climates. • Compact the soil.
  • Fill the excavated area with gravel/aggregate (size 4-8 mm) or sand and compact it to create a solid base.
  • Dry set the JustPave Vitrified Paver directly on top of the compacted base.

Disclaimer

This information and any recommendations or suggestions contained herein are given in good faith without warranty or guarantee as conditions of use are out with our control. Product development is continuous and products are subject to change without notice. Please ensure that JustPave products will be suitable for use on your project by requesting samples for your evaluation in relation to colour and working conditions.

Installing JustPave Vitrified Pavers on Sand

  • Remove the grass from the area underneath the JustPave Vitrified Paver Slab.
  • Dig out 5-7 cm deep in warm and dry climate, or deeper in cold or wet climates. Ensure the area is approx. 15cm wider than the finished installed surface.
  • Compact the soil.
  • Lay Geotextile permeable fabric on the compacted soil (if required for weed control). • Fill the excavated area with gravel/aggregate (size 4-8 mm) and compact it to create a minimum 2-3 cm solid base.
  • Fill with sand and compact the material to create a firm surface, allowing a 1.5-2° slope away from any building. Do not compact the pavers.
  • Install exterior edging restraints where necessary to minimise peripheral movement. • Space and dry set the JustPave Vitrified Paver directly on top of the compacted sand base, ensuring to leave a 4mm space between each one. Never install with paver to paver contact.
  • Level the pavers with necessary using a rubber mallet. Never compact the pavers with a vibrating plate. Simply fill the joints with sand to complete.

Installing JustPave Vitrified Pavers on Gravel/Pebbles

  • Remove the grass from the area underneath the JustPave Vitrified Paver Slab. • Dig 5 cm deep in warm and dry climate, or deeper in cold or wet climates.
  • Ensure the area is approx. 15cm wider than the finished installed surface.
  • Compact the soil.
  • Lay Geotextile permeable fabric on the compacted soil (if required for weed control).
  • Fill the excavated area with gravel/aggregate (size 4-8 mm) and compact it to create a minimum 2-3 cm solid base.
  • Install exterior edging restraints where necessary to minimise peripheral movement. • Dry set the JustPave Vitrified Paver directly on top of the compacted sand base.
  • If installing with wide joints, simply fill the space with decorative pebbles.

Installing JustPave Vitrified Pavers on a Mortar Bed

  • Remove the grass from the area underneath the JustPave Vitrified Paver Slab.
  • Dig 15 cm deep in warm and dry climate, or deeper in cold or wet climates.
  • Ensure the area is approx. 15cm wider than the finished installed surface.
  • Compact the soil.
  • Lay Geotextile permeable fabric on the compacted soil (if required for weed control).
  • Fill the excavated area with gravel/aggregate (size 4-8 mm) and compact it to create a minimum 10 cm solid base.
  • Install exterior edging restraints where necessary to minimise peripheral movement. • Blend a 4:1 mortar mix using sharp sand and ordinary cement. Avoid using building sand or white cement. • Shovel or trowel approx. 30mm bed of mortar and ripple to help spread once the paver is placed. It is important to maximise the contact between the mortar and paver (creating a solid bed and reducing air pockets beneath the surface). Only install one paver at a time ensuring the bed is wider than the paver. • Using a slurry primer and coating the back of each paver immediately prior to installation will help the product to bed in the mortar. • Use a rubber mallet to tap down the paver to remove any high/low spots and maximise the contact with mortar mix. Do not walk on for at least 24 hours.

Installing JustPave Vitrified Pavers on a Concrete Base with Tile Adhesive

Where there is likely to be persistent foot traffic or heavy loads from cars driving on the pavers it is recommended to install them with highly flexible exterior grade tile adhesive to ensure the long term integrity of the product. In this method the pavers are laid in the same manner as laying floor tiles inside the house:

  • The paver can be laid on a suitable pre-installed concrete base. This base should have had at least 3-4 weeks ‘drying out’ period after installation.
  • A suitable exterior grade highly flexible floor adhesive, such as Mapei Ultraflex S2 (Class C2FTS2), should be used to install the JustPave Vitrified Pavers. Always refer to the manufacturer’s technical instructions.
  • The adhesive should be spread evenly over the whole of the rigid base using a notched trowel.
  • The underside of the paver should be back-buttered with adhesive to create a bridging bond when the paver is laid (creating a solid bed and reducing air pockets beneath the surface).
  • The paver is then pressed down onto the adhesive and settled.
  • For installation on smaller concrete bases where thermal expansion will be minimal then use 4mm joints. On larger concrete bases seek advice on the need and use of movement control joint between the tile areas.

Installing JustPave Vitrified Pavers with Adjustable Pavers

  • Measure the total area to be paved to determine the number of pavers required and mark the intersections of the corners of each paver being installed to prepare a layout grid guide.
  • Position the first pedestal in one corner of the area and position subsequent pedestals along one wall edge. If necessary cut the bases of the pedestals along the scored lines to ensure the pedestals are as close as possible to the wall. Snap off any spacer tabs that are not required.
  • Place a second row of pedestals parallel to the first and carefully position the pavers with each corner resting on the top of a pedestal head and tightly butted against the spacer tabs.
  • Adjust the height of each pedestal to ensure each paver is level. • If extra support is required simply place an additional pedestal (with all tabs removed) under the centre of the paver.

Cutting JustPave Vitrified Pavers

  • Vitrified Pavers should be cut using a water cooled, dust suppressing saw fitted with a diamond tipped blade specifically made for cutting porcelain pavers slabs. This saw can be either;
  • A bench power wet-saw
  • A masonry cutting power saw with water feed
  • The cutting blade should always be water suppressed whenever cutting the vitrified paver to control dust and cool the blade. The diamond tipped blade should have a full interrupted circular edge and have no gaps.
  • Never cut vitrified pavers with a fibre blade.
  • Always use a good quality diamond blade. Such is the compact hardness of vitrified pavers that a blunt or worn diamond blade is likely to create unattractive shelling or oystering along the cut edges.
  • Paving installers unfamiliar with working with vitrified paving should practice cutting with the material prior to carrying out final installations.

Joint Filling Information

When pavers are installed in sand, mortar or tile adhesive you may fill the 4 mm joints with:

  • Traditional Sand Dry traditional sand is swept into the open joints until they are completely filled. Excess sand should be swept off of the pavers. Please note mind that sand joints may need to be occasionally topped up or re-sanded over tile as wind and rain can cause some erosion.
  • Cement Blended Sand Dry cement blended sand (typical 3 parts sand to 1 part cement) is swept into the open joints until they are completely filled. It is essential that excess cement blended sand is swept off the pavers (blowers can also be used for final dust removal). Please note any residual dust or sand remaining on the surface may make the pavers difficult to keep clean after installation. After joints are full and the surface is clean the pavers can be misted with water to activate the cement and cure/harden the mixture. For final clean use Fila Deterdek.
  • Ready Mixed Jointing Compound When installing pavers on a compacted base you can use ready mixed resinbound jointing compounds such as ‘Joint-It Simple’ to provide a maintenance free, long lasting professional finish. With working times of up to four hours ready mixed jointing compounds are easy to use, cement-free formulations designed for use in all weathers. Simply brush the compound diagonally across the paving joints working it in until they are full. Remove any excess jointing compound and sweep the pavers with a soft brush to clean the surface. Completed installations should not be walked on for at least 24 hours and should also be protected from rain, frost and freezing temperatures during this time. Residual jointing dust can be simply brushed off after 24 hours.
  • Flexible Tile Grout If installing pavers on a concrete base using tile adhesive it is advisable to use flexible exterior grade tile grout such as Mapei Ultracolour Grout in the joints. In warm weather avoid working in direct sunlight. Protect the area from rain, frost and freezing temperatures for several days after grouting. Never allow grout to remain on the surface of the pavers for an extended length of time before completing the initial cleaning. Make sure that all tiles are thoroughly cleaned with Fila Deterdek to prevent residual grout remaining on the surface.

Disclaimer

This information and any recommendations or suggestions contained herein are given in good faith without warranty or guarantee as conditions of use are out with our control. Product development is continuous and products are subject to change without notice. Please ensure that JustPave products will be suitable for use on your project by requesting samples for your evaluation in relation to colour and working conditions.

[vc_custom_heading text=”JustPave Vitrified Pavers” font_container=”tag:h2|font_size:46|text_align:left|color:%233a3a3a|line_height:1″ google_fonts=”font_family:Montserrat%3Aregular%2C700|font_style:700%20bold%20regular%3A700%3Anormal” css=”.vc_custom_1453293169333{margin-top: 0px !important;padding-right: 200px !important;padding-bottom: 35px !important;}”][vc_column_text css=”.vc_custom_1437055718275{margin-bottom: 20px !important;}”][/vc_column_text][vc_row][vc_column][vc_column_text]Introducing the JustPave Collection of 20mm Vitrified Pavers.

Incredibly hard-wearing, anti-slip, weather, stain and scratch resistant; they are specifically designed for use on outdoor patios, garden paths and driveways to create seamless transitions between the home and outside spaces. JustPave porcelain pavers can be laid dry on sand, grass or gravel. Alternatively, they can be installed on concrete using traditional tiling methods.

Important features & benefits of include:

• Easy to Lay, Clean & Maintain – Wash with clean water

• Highly Durable – Scratch and abrasion resistant

• Slip Resistant R10 and B Rated Finish – Providing assured grip underfoot

• Resistant to Frost and Thermal Shock – Preventing surface splintering, crazing or fractures

• Resistant to Salt – Preventing efflorescence growth

• Stain/Oil Resistant – Perfect for BBQ areas

• Non-porous – Inhibits moss and algae growth (unlike traditional concrete pavers)

• No Sealing – The dense nature of vitrified pavers removes the need to seal surfaces

• Resistant to Chemicals, Acids and Abrasive Cleaning Products – Ensures long term integrity of surfaces

• UV Resistant – No fading of colour over time

• High Newton Strength – Perfect for heavy duty/commercial traffic

• Reusable – Depending on fitting system utilised

Slip Resistant Our vitrified pavers have excellent slip-resistance qualities for assured support underfoot. Each range has been scientifically tested for both shod foot and bare foot conditions (DIN51130 & DIN51097) and found to offer excellent slip resistance so you can be confident you are getting the best surfaces for your patio, hot tub/pools surround and BBQ areas.

Stain Resistant – the hard surface of our vitrified pavers is virtually non-porous (less than 0.05%) all spillages sit on the surface and do not soak in. During stain resistant testing they received the highest rating of 5. This means that, in most cases, all spillages can be washed and removed with clean, warm water

Low Maintenance – very low water absorption rate (less than 0.05%) significantly reduces opportunities for moss and algae growth and provides you with longer lasting, low maintenance, attractive outside spaces.
No Sealing Required – our vitrified pavers are fired in a kiln (above 1200°C) until they reach a stage of non-porous vitrification and complete water-proofing. The surface will not absorb materials and sealing is not required.

Abrasion & Deep Scratch Resistant – In internationally used deep abrasion testing methods (EN ISO 10545-6) JustPave performed exceptionally well. It has a compact, hard, non-porous body that has also been tested for its resistance to wear caused by heavy foot traffic and rubber wheeled vehicles (EN ISO 10545-7). Each vitrified paver range is found to have the highest rating (PEI V) and suitable for heavy traffic areas.

Strong, Robust Material – Our vitrified pavers are dense, strong materials designed to withstand heavy loads and continuous use without compromising the surface or finish. They are ideal for making your garden an extension of your home by creating a decorative extra room for entertaining and socialising.

Frost Proof & Salt Resistant – Vitrified pavers are highly frost resistant due to their strong dense nature and low water absorbency characteristics. They are the perfect alternative to porous materials, such as concrete pavers, which absorb water and salts that can cause efflorescence and may damage both the structure and surfaces by flaking, splintering and cracking.

Fade Resistant – The JustPave Collection is UV resistant to fading in all weathers and strong sunlight conditions. The manufacturing process of firing the pavers at 1200°Celcius effectively locks in the finished surfaces to produce a product with exceptional durability and reduces the potential for fading over time.

Fire Resistant – Our vitrified pavers are Classified A1 of Reaction to Fire (BS EN13501-1). They are completely resistant to fire and the surface spread of flame. They will not contribute to any phase of a fire including a full developed one.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row]

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